Latest Articles

No God, No Science by Michael Hanby - Review

You can know "what" without knowing "how", but you can't know "how" without knowing "what" - this is my short summary of this wonderful book. Modern science seeks to study complex things by isolating parts and assessing the various interactions between them. The book masterfully demonstrates that such a technique cannot be accomplished without a prior recognition of form, essence, and categories. In other words, the scientist must identify "what" a thing is and "what" its parts are before applying the scientific method of isolating those parts. But "what a thing is" is an irreducibly metaphysical question, rooted in the concept of differences. It is a question of being rather than merely a question of action. Hanby shows that the question of what makes things different cannot be answered from within a purely physical world, but only outside or above that world, requiring a "meta" physical viewpoint. However, the modern Darwinist claims there is no "outside" of the physical world, that there is no God or spiritual force beyond mere matter. Thus their science is at an end, unless they borrow concepts of form and essence from outside their system. Hanby counsels modern scientists to understand the impossibility of their task and to embrace the metaphysical concepts that everyone tacitly accepts in their lives as actually lived.

Hanby further shows how the metaphysics required to identify things - the "what" - requires not a vague spirituality, but the trinitarian God described in the Bible. He catalogs the impasse the ancient Greeks encountered in trying to determine the essence of objects and shows how the biblical doctrines of creation and the incarnation of Christ are required to solve the puzzles that ultimately stumped Plato, Aristotle, and Plotinus. Relying heavily on classical sources, Hanby summarizes the...  See my full review at Amazon

Scripture, Culture, and Agriculture - Review

Anyone who has read the Bible even a little can’t miss the many references to farming, livestock, and landscape. After all, Adam and Eve lived in a garden, their downfall involved eating fruit, and Adam’s body itself was mere soil into which God breathed. And that’s from just the first few chapters. Until recently I tacitly assumed God based so much scripture on these types of situations since the primary audience, ancient Jews, were themselves an agrarian people. If God’s chosen people had been the Phoenicians with their seafaring lifestyle, I assumed God would have used completely different scenarios to teach the same spiritual principles.

But lately I’m starting to wonder if the agrarian setting for scripture is itself necessary for what God is trying to communicate. Perhaps an agrarian based lifestyle and economy are God’s designed context for human flourishing and the deepest understanding of eternal, spiritual, ‘un-earthly’ principles. The scriptures I’ve studied for decades. Our own recent efforts at farming coupled with books and articles I’ve enjoyed from contemporary agrarian writers have led me to read many dear biblical passages with a new depth. Rather than attempting to extract a spiritual principle from a ‘earthly’ passage, I’m now beginning to wonder if such passages are truly a ‘whole’ that cannot be dissected without losing a vital element of their truth.

It was in this attitude of uncertain, investigative excitement that I discovered Scripture, Culture, and Agriculture – An Agrarian Reading of the Bible, by Ellen F. Davis. Dr. Davis is first an Old Testament scholar by vocation who then discovered contemporary agrarian writers....

Family Devotion Ideas

Each Christian family must have a routine time of focusing on the scripture and praying for one another.  Here's what has worked well for us...

Freedom Through Restoration of Property - Review


Hilaire Belloc and G.K. Chesterton were the primary champions of Distributism, an economic system neither Capitalistic nor Communistic seeking widespread ownership of property as the chief means to household freedom. Chesterton's chief work on the topic, Outline of Sanity, points out the troubles of industrialism and describes life under a Distributist scheme. Chesterton's work does little to explain how such a wanted transition might be made. Belloc's 1936 essay, On the Restoration of Property, answers the detailed policy questions. Belloc fully understands that replacing industrial capitalism or its evil progeny, the welfare state, cannot happen wholesale. He recommends various small efforts that might be compared to a few saplings planted to restore a vast deforested wilderness. The hope is that others wandering the wilderness notice the new life and yearn for more.

Belloc insightfully traces many of modern society's ills to their source. The cause is unchecked competition in which the most efficient shop, warehouse, factory, farm, etc. inexorably wins more and more business from slightly less efficient competitors. Nothing wrong with competition or efficiency, but the result in a mature market driven economy is always a few 'winners' that become very large corporations and many 'losers' forced out of business. The losers then have no choice but to become employed as wage slaves of the corporations. In the drive for greater efficiency, the wage slaves are pressed down, yet are provided enough to live and even a slight excess with which to purchase products from the big corporations. Nobody starves or is coerced yet little true economic freedom exists outside the owners of the corporations. Belloc suggests several policies that might limit large corporations and allow smaller household size endeavors to thrive. I don't think his initiatives will work, but they did inspire in me a couple ideas that just might....

Give Them Grace - Book Review

I received my review copy of this book almost a year ago. I read it immediately but knew I would have to re-read and takes notes before I could write a review. A couple months passed and as I re-read the book, it was as if I had never read it. Give Them Grace is such an unusual parenting book. As I read the book a third time more recently, again, it was all fresh to me. The message is that parents must always proclaim the gospel of Jesus and live it out before them and with them. There are various practical scenarios covered and many typical parenting issues. But the approach is still to me so different from what I have seen and done that even now I cannot say I really understand it. I think it's because the true gospel is so radical and so easily misunderstood and misapplied by even the most ardent Christian.

Since the direction is so different, readers may be tempted to think the "grace" refers to a permissiveness or relaxed parenting style that overlooks disobedience. But the book never attempts that, but to instruct children so that they aim to please the Lord and not work for a reward or seek to please the parent directly. For me, it takes a continual rethinking of who I am and who my kids are to make sense of the approach. I have a long way to go.

I love the gospel and loved the book, but can only say that you'll have to read it yourself to have an idea of what is really in it. I plan to refer to it over and over as I continue to parent our family. May the Lord conform us all to the true nature of Christ, which is really so different from standard human nature. Read Give Them Grace and be challenged.

How Should We Then Vote?

The ultimate king of the entire world and universe is Jesus Christ. He governs all and has all authority, including governmental or political authority (Matthew 28:18, Ephesians 1:20-21, Revelation 1:5). Believers in Christ belong to Him and are thus co-rulers with Him. Any Christian holding political office is obligated to govern according to principles that honor Christ - to rule as Christ Himself would rule (Ephesians 1:22-23). In a democracy where the people hold the power and exercise that power through electing representatives, Christians must choose representatives that govern according to the rule of Christ.

Any human ruler will be imperfect. Thus choosing a ruler (or candidate one votes for) who perfectly follows the rule of Christ is not possible. The Bible shows us how Christ would rule and how He has directed that rulers be selected. From this, we can examine a ruler or candidate to see how closely they align with the rule of Christ. Knowing we won't find perfection, we can determine if a candidate is acceptable in the eyes of the world's ultimate ruler, Jesus Christ. Given the biblical criteria, determining 'acceptability' is subjective. Honest Christians may disagree on a particular candidate. Here's how I propose to go about it...

Start Here - Home Education Overview

How to approach home educating your middle school child.  Methods, general scheduling, subjects, and resources.  Start here then look at the plans for 6th, 7th, and 8th grade for details.

What a Teenager Can Do

Teenager. The word can bring fear to any parent of younger children as they imagine their kids entering so-called "adolescence". Expectations seem universally low for modern teenagers. What can you as a parent and teacher reasonably expect from a 14 year old? Some see a modern culture in chaos and just hope to keep their kids off drugs and not pregnant. A look at past eras to get a sense of what is possible for a teenager...

Economics 101: College vs. Apprenticeship

The unchallenged cultural assumption in modern America is that "you must go to college" or be forever lost as a second class citizen trapped in life long poverty. Let's put a pencil to this assumption and see if your typical college student is really better off...  You may be suprised to learn that an entry level worker could own a $125,000 home at age 22 free and clear with no mortgage while the typical student would need to borrow over $100,000 to buy the same home.  The young entrepreneur has 4 years work experience, owns his home outright, and is already saving for retirement while the new graduate ponders 30 years of mortgage payments [More...]

After High School?

Since our oldest is 17 and nearing the end of the 'high school' years, we are starting to get questions about where she'll go to college or what's planned after 'high school'. I believe you never 'finish school' and therefore never really 'graduate'. Everyone should be always learning and should be actively engaged in reading, writing, and developing skills.

Instead of graduation as a completion of schooling, I consider it the start of self-directed learning which should continue until death. So I plan to give our kids a list of books to read as they transition into a completely self-directed learning pattern. They will write about what they read and continue mathematics until they master integral calculus. Some may also consider this a plan for a 'gap year' between high school and college.

The details...

Family Life Devastated by Industrialism

Must read - what's gone wrong with the family and church and how to begin recovery. Lines up almost 100% with how my thinking has developed over the last 15 years.

Reforming The Family - The Industrial Revolution and the Sociology of the Christian Family by Brian Aleshire

Similar thoughts, specifically from a young mother's perspective: Why Modern Motherhood is so Difficult

Devotion Topic - Leisure


For a helpful study of God's perspective on leisure, Redeeming the Time: A Christian Approach to Work and Leisure by Leland Ryken is recommended. I have not read the book yet but have read several other books by Dr. Ryken and found them all very good. I suspect the same here. And a great set of study notes is available at the Contend for the Faith website. We are using these as a guide in our family devotions for a few days. Leisure is rarely done well so a family is wise to study and discuss the issue together.





Essay - Gulliver's Travels

Here's a recent essay on Gulliver's Travels, by my daughter. She 'completed' high school earlier this year yet learning continues apace on the Road to 21. This essay reflects upon one of the books on that 'Road'.

Islands peopled by miniscule, vindictive beings. Giants whose pipes are big enough for a person to squeeze inside. Countries suspended in the air. Horses that are almost more rational than humans. Troubled seas and world-renown for the discoverer of such things. "Gulliver's Travels", the famous fictional narrative by Jonathan Swift, contains the stuff of fairy tales. Yet it's almost a fairy tale gone wrong, or, rather gone mundane, which might be worse...

Essay - Unnatural Law

Here's a recent essay from my daughter. She 'completed' high school earlier this year yet learning continues apace on the Road to 21. This essay reflects upon Arthur Leff's address "Unspeakable Ethics, Unnatural Law".

It’s an age-old issue—the question of fairness. Everyone scolds a cheater and abhors a traitor. And all of us must admit to using the phrase, “that’s not fair”, or one of its equivalents, almost daily, if not more often. The issue of fairness pervades our lifestyle, regardless of culture, but perhaps its commonplace nature has diminished the attention it should be receiving...

The Bible Made Impossible - Book Review

I've previously encountered Christian Smith in several recorded interviews with Ken Myers and in his book Souls in Transition. These were a delight to hear and read. I was intrigued when I learned in a recent interview that Dr. Smith was writing a book about how the Bible could be made 'impossible' and that the culprit was biblicism. For a while, I've considered myself a biblicist and have not found the Bible impossible at all. The Bible has become deeper and richer to me, as I have increased my commitment to reading the Bible as written (that is, 'to take it literally'). So respecting and enjoying Dr. Smith, I was very eager to get the book titled The Bible Made Impossible. I was glad that the publisher agreed to send me a review copy even before the book was released. I read it once, then again taking notes, and some parts a third time as I prepared this review. It is a frustrating book. It has wonderful suggestions on how to see the glory of Christ on every page of scripture and how to appreciate the intense beauty of the Bible. But the author defaces the scripture itself enroute to the helpful suggestions - wrecking a good deal of the beauty he's trying so hard to get us to see. Worst of all, it didn't have to be this way.... Read the Review